Design of an ADC using High Precision Comparator with Time Domain Offset Cancellation
Abstract— The comparator is a combinational logic circuit that plays an important role in the design of analog to digital converter. One of its most important properties is its input referred offset. When mismatches are present in a dynamic comparator, due to internal positive feedback and transient response, it is always challenging to analytically predict the input-referred random offset voltages since the operating points of transistors are time varying. To overcome the offset effect a novel time-domain bulk-tuned offset cancellation method is applied to a low power dynamic comparator. Using this comparator in analog to digital converter it does not increase the power consumption, but at the same time the delay is reduced and the speed is increased. The comparator is designed using the 250-nm CMOS technology in mentor graphics tool. Operating at a supply voltage of 5v and clock frequency 100MHZ, the comparator together with the offset cancellation circuitry dissipates 335.49nW of power and dissipates 1.027uW of power for comparator without offset cancellation circuit. The simulation result indicates that the offset cancellation circuitry consumes negligible power and it does not draw any static current. Using this high precision offset cancelled comparator in the analog to digital converter circuit the static power consumption is less and it is able to work under very low supply voltage.
Index Terms— Offset Cancellation (OC), Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR), Output Offset Storage (OOS), Phase Detector (PD), Charge Pump (CP).
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International Journal for Trends in Technology & Engineering © 2015 IJTET JOURNAL