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Energy Balancing Technique Using Genetic Algorithm Based Clustering For a Wireless Sensor Network
Abstract— Even though wireless sensor network is widely used in industrial and home applications, still reduce the energy consumption and network lifetime enhancement remains a major challenge. Clustering is method of grouping nodes based on their geographical location, nodes recheability etc. and is a suitable solution for reduced energy consumption. In this paper, a new technique using genetic algorithm is proposed for clustering of sensor nodes. The clustering is based on the amount of nodes available energy and the received signal strength value of the nodes in a particular region. Using the proposed technique, balanced energy consumption is maintained between all the nodes in the network. The proposed technique consumes less energy compared to the network without clustering.
Index terms — Wireless Sensor network, Clustering, Lifetime enhancement, Energy consumption, Available energy, Received signal strength
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International Journal for Trends in Technology & Engineering © 2015 IJTET JOURNAL