Optimized Power Controller for Residential Energy Consumption
ABSTRACT: This proposed system is designed to reduce the power cuts during heavy demands. By limiting the power usage in all the residential areas it?s possible to save the power. This concept is mainly based on power sharing; the power is shared equally and distributed to the residential areas. A particular watt is fixed to each residence which is given by the Electricity board. If watts are finished meansfor user identification alarm or buffer is used. It beeps before few seconds watts are available for usage. If the user uses the power more than the limit, then alarm gets turn on. If the user exceeds the limit of usage of watts more than three times, then the power supply to that residential home gets turn off. When no person is inside the room the power supply gets switched off automatically by using IR sensor. Infra red sensor senses and that information are converted into equivalent electrical signal. If the power cut occurs many times means user can use renewable energy sources like solar and wind energy. The electricity is stored in the batteries and used. We can gain more electricity from solar and wind energy. So within 2-4 years we can gain the initial cost. For each home a database is maintained in Electric Board office computer. Totally there is a power demand means fewer amounts of watts can be fixed in residential unit. If the less watts is fixed means user can switch one or two lights and fans. In one area the power is not used means it will be shared to the other area network. We are using PIC microcontroller is used for controlling the power.
Index Terms—level converter, pic microcontroller, encoder, decoder, relay driver, IR sensor,
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International Journal for Trends in Technology & Engineering © 2015 IJTET JOURNAL