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Network Lifetime Enhancement by Node Deployment in WSN
Abstract— The key challenge in wireless sensor network is network lifetime so it is necessary to increase the network lifetime. The work deals with the enhancement of the network lifetime for target coverage problem in wireless sensor network while deploying the sensor nodes. Initially sensor nodes and targets are placed randomly, where the targets are the not sensor nodes its external parameter. Network lifetime for this scenario is computed, where the sensing range and initial energy of the battery are assumed. Network lifetime is based on sensor nodes that monitor the targets and lifetime of battery. The randomly placed sensor nodes are redeployed using optimization algorithm called Artificial Bee Colony (ABC). The network lifetime for redeployed sensor nodes are computed and compared with randomly deployed sensor nodes.
Index Terms— Artificial Bee Colony (ABC), Coverage, Deployment, Network lifetime, Wireless sensor network (WSN)
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International Journal for Trends in Technology & Engineering © 2015 IJTET JOURNAL